We're big proponents of utilizing transferable point currencies here at TPG. Programs like American Express Membership Rewards and Chase Ultimate Rewards provide valuable flexibility when it's time to use your points — one of the main reasons they fall in the upper echelon of our monthly valuations.

However, there are many reasons why someone would focus on other reward programs. If you're a hub captive, you may be interested in earning miles with a specific airline, and if you're planning to book a future trip to a specific resort, your attention may be on earning hotel points. This is especially true with new incentives from Chase and Amex to spend on your cobranded credit cards.

Higher loyalty program balances

The travel industry has been rocked by the coronavirus pandemic, with historically-low hotel occupancy rates, numerous travel restrictions and some airlines completely suspending operations. For many travelers, this has meant canceled or postponed trips. And if you're like me, that has resulted in significant refunds of airline miles and hotel points.

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Thanks to a pair of trips I've canceled due to COVID-19, my wife, daughter and I have (combined) received the following rewards back in our accounts:

  • 280,000 Alaska Airlines miles
  • 70,000 American Airlines miles
  • 60,000 British Airways Avios
  • 96,000 World of Hyatt points

As we've covered before, points and miles are bad long-term investments, as their values tend to depreciate over time. If you've been forced to cancel a trip and received a refund of points or miles in airline or hotel loyalty programs, you may want to press pause on earning additional rewards. Otherwise, you may fall victim to the next trap …

Ongoing devaluations

IMGSource: The Points Guy

Many loyalty programs have adjusted their rewards structures over time. From Delta removing award charts to British Airways raising partner award rates to Marriott implementing peak and off-peak pricing, many of these changes make it harder to get solid value when you go to redeem your hard-earned points and miles. And while the coronavirus pandemic has led some programs to delay these updates, others have plowed ahead with negative changes.

Chief among these culprits is United MileagePlus, as the program has made two notable changes that are indisputable devaluations:

If you had been working toward a specific award, you'd suddenly need more miles — one of the biggest problems with being over-leveraged in a specific currency. These changes even have some long-time United elite members questioning their loyalty.

READ MORE: Why airlines and hotels should tread lightly when changing loyalty programs

Risks of bankruptcy

There's also the risk of losing any points or miles in a loyalty program if the operator goes under. While this is a more remote possibility, we have seen some programs pause redemptions as a result of the pandemic. History has shown that your points and miles are generally safe during bankruptcy proceedings, though there's an outside chance that they could be lost entirely if a carrier permanently stops operations.

Of course, there's also a slim chance that a credit card issuer could go under as well, but that's very unlikely.

Why credit card points are a safer bet

Best Travel Cards Group Amex Platinum Chase Sapphire Reserve Amex Gold Capital One Venture Chase Sapphire Preferred DETROIT MARCH 2019 CREDIT CARD SHOOTSource: The Points Guy

On the other hand, if you focus your energy on earning credit card points rather than airline- or hotel-specific rewards, you can minimize (or remove) any fallout from the above issues. Whether you're earning transferable rewards or fixed-value points, they tend to be much more flexible than those affiliated with an individual travel provider. In many cases, you can use them for flights on any airline, and there's little risk for devaluation.

If you can transfer your credit card points to partner airlines — a feature offered on select Chase, Amex, Citi and Capital One cards — that can provide even greater protection.

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For example, if you were collecting United miles for a Star Alliance award ticket to Europe in the past, many of those are now more expensive — 77,000 miles for one-way business class on most partners. However, if you had instead focused on earning Chase Ultimate Rewards points, you still have the option to transfer them to United — but you could also transfer them to Singapore Airlines' KrisFlyer program, which charges 72,000 miles for a one-way, business-class award ticket from North America to Europe.

Note that you're not limited to earning these points through just credit card spending either. Since many Americans are still spending large amounts of time at home, you should definitely be taking advantage of online shopping portals as well to boost your earning rates. Chase Ultimate Rewards has its own portal — look for the "Earn bonus points" section of the Ultimate Rewards site — while you can earn bonus Amex points through Rakuten (formerly Ebates). By clicking through these sites, you can earn even more rewards for your everyday purchases.

WATCH NOW: Use online shopping portals and apps to save money and earn miles from home

Finally, you can save even more in conjunction with online discount and bonus programs. I try to browse my Amex Offers and Chase Offers at least a few times a week, just to make sure I'm not leaving cash or extra points on the table.

Which cards I'm using the most right now

While I tend to favor cards that earn transferable rewards, this is magnified even more right now. Here are the cards in my wallet that are currently getting the most action:

All of these purchases put me closer to fantastic award trips — and limit my exposure to potential devaluations and negative changes to airline and hotel loyalty programs.

Bottom line

It's important to have a strategy for earning and redeeming rewards, and given the current state of the travel industry, it's more important than ever to make credit card points a part of it. Transferable currencies — like Amex Membership Rewards and Chase Ultimate Rewards — can offer spectacular value, but even a fixed-value rewards card may be a better choice than an airline or hotel cobranded option.

Don't fall victim to unexpected devaluations or no-notice changes to loyalty programs. Instead, focus your energy on more flexible rewards as you plan for your next vacation.

Featured photo by Clint Henderson / The Points Guy

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